AstronomyOnline.org
home observation science solar system stars our galaxy cosmology astrobiology exoplanets astrophotography
Science
icon Introduction
icon Astronomy Tools
Concepts
1. Electromagnetic Spectrum
2. Atmosphere Limitations
3. Space Observations
Equipment
1. Telescopes
2. Radio
3. Space Tools
4. Photography
5. Spectroscopy
6. Computers
7. Advanced Methods
8. Radio Astronomy
icon Basic Mathematics
Algebra
Statistics
Geometry
Scientific Notation
Log Scales
Calculus
icon Physics
Concepts
- Basic Units of Measure
- Mass & Density
- Temperature
- Velocity & Acceleration
- Force, Pressure & Energy
- Atoms
- Quantum Physics
- Nature of Light
Formulas
- Brightness
- Cepheid Rulers
- Distance
- Doppler Shift
- Frequency & Wavelength
- Hubble's Law
- Inverse Square Law
- Kinetic Energy
- Luminosity
- Magnitudes
- Convert Mass to Energy
- Kepler & Newton - Orbits
- Parallax
- Planck's Law
- Relativistic Redshift
- Relativity
- Schwarzschild Radius 
- Synodic & Sidereal Periods
- Sidereal Time
- Small Angle Formula
- Stellar Properties 
- Stephan-Boltzmann Law
- Telescope Related
- Temperature
- Tidal Forces
- Wien's Law
Constants
icon Computer Models
icon Additional Resources
1. Advanced Topics
2. Guest Contributions
Physics - Formulas - Converting Mass to Energy

The equation of all equations:

Everyone has seen this equation, and everyone knows this is Einstein's famous "mass equals energy" equation.

But what does it mean exactly? As always, its best to see it in an example. Because Einstein's work was with light and energy, the best example is the Sun. Our Sun produces energy through fusion - the combining of 4 hydrogen atoms to make a helium atom plus a few extra parts. When comparing the mass of 4 hydrogen atoms to a helium atom, there is some mass loss:

Keep in mind that this is EACH reaction. In the Sun, there are millions of these reactions occurring.

Back to Top

 

Search | Site Map | Buy Stuff - Store | Appendix
©2004 - 2013 Astronomy Online. All rights reserved. Contact Us. Legal. Creative Commons License
The works within is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.